Forming and Displaying Video Data in Onboard Enhanced Vision Multispectral Systems

Authors: Bondarenko M.A., Bondarenko A.V., Drynkin V.N., Pavlov Yu.V. Published: 04.07.2022
Published in issue: #2(139)/2022  
DOI: 10.18698/0236-3933-2022-2-79-95

Category: Instrument Engineering, Metrology, Information-Measuring Instruments and Systems | Chapter: Optical and Optoelectronic Instruments and Complexes  
Keywords: color head-up display, enhanced vision system, multi-spectral video system, image integration


The article considers the results of long-term research and real flight tests for developing a multichannel system for enhanced vision in difficult for aircraft crew visibility conditions. The multicomponent nature of the aggregate video signal generated by a multispectral video system is shown, justifying its representation in color and the need to develop a color indicator of the aircraft windshield to obtain a better quality of situational awareness for pilot compared to the capabilities of traditionally used monochrome indicators. A method for integrating monochrome images of multichannel enhanced vision system spectral channels into a color multicomponent image is proposed. For more natural perception of the resulting color images by the human eye, the spectrum of the spectral characteristics of the video channels is rearranged in the direction of decreasing wavelength. For the most common RGB color image format, the red component R of the display system records the image of the long-wave thermal range, the green component G records the image of the mid-wave infrared range, the blue component B records the image of the short-wave visible television range. The resulting pseudo-color image allows unambiguous restoring the original images. This proves the absence of information loss during image integration. Since there are no colored windscreen displays yet, a method for reproducing a pseudo-color image on a mono-chrome display is proposed. To convert a pseudo-color image to monochrome one, methods are used in which color contrasts are preserved in the form of tonal contrasts. The advantages of the proposed technology are demonstrated on real examples

Please cite this article in English as:

Bondarenko M.A., Bondarenko A.V., Drynkin V.N., et al. Forming and displaying video data in onboard enhanced vision multispectral systems. Herald of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Series Instrument Engineering, 2022, no. 2 (139), pp. 79--95 (in Russ.). DOI: https://doi.org/10.18698/0236-3933-2022-2-79-95


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